What is Vocational Education? Aims, Benefits, Importance and Vocational vs Academic Education

Vocational Education

Vocational Education is a job-oriented technical training course by which the students choose a specific career opportunity.  If a student is interested in a particular domain, he can learn those skills through vocational courses and go to the next level in that particular field. Vocational education is also known as Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) or Career and Technical Education (CTE).

Anyone can join vocational courses after the 12th. After 12th you can do a bachelor’s in a vocation that is B. Voc. It is three years study plan. You can also do a master’s in technical education.

In this education, the practical approach of anything is its key point. In these courses, training, instructions, and classes are included and after completing courses certificates and diplomas are awarded to students.

Vocational courses are designed in such a way that when students graduate, they should also be ready for the job. Apart from this, these courses also increase the chances of getting a job.

Subjects/Courses in Vocational Education

Vocational education means that you learn skills either hard skills or soft skills in a field that you are very interested in. You can complete your graduation after choosing a relevant field or profession.

There are many courses under technical education out of them, we have mentioned the top 15 courses that are very popular in India.

  1. Beauty and wellness
  2. Food Processing
  3. Hospitality and Tourism
  4. Organic Agriculture
  5. Software Development
  6. Interior Design
  7. Printing and Publications
  8. Theatre and Acting
  9. Information Technology
  10. Mass Communication
  11. Animation Courses
  12. Gym/Physical Education
  13. Finance and Banking
  14. Marketing/ Advertising
  15. Catering Management

These courses will be in high demand in near future. So, don’t be foolish, join such courses and polish your skills to survive longer in the future.

Aims of Vocational Education

The aims of vocational training are as follows-

  1. Self-employment
  2. Solve economic problems
  3. Give Social Status
  4. Makes a person active
  5. Helps to moral development
  6. Make learning useful
  7. Entrepreneurship
  8. Reduce unemployment
  9. To Grow the Country
  10. To encourage start-ups

These are the main points that are included in the aim list of technical education.

Benefits of Vocational Education

The majority of students have questions that why they should learn vocational skills when B. Com, B.B.A., B.Sc., B.A., etc degree courses are available.

So, it is very important to know about the benefits of vocational courses.

  • First is no compulsory to complete the full three years that means if you study for only one year and you get a job, you can quit these courses. And in the future, you can also recontinue your studies.
  • The government has taken this course forward through skill development training so that unemployment can be controlled and students can be self-employed.
  • Its teaching method is 60% practical and 40% theoretical. The college focuses more on teaching practical approach, industrial visits and project work.
  • Each student visits industrial training during their studies so that they know how the actual work is done and they can become skilled men instead of degree men.

Despite a large number of benefits, students prefer traditional education as it is a common belief that after completing traditional education they will get a good job. This is why students do not give much importance to vocational education.

Difference between Vocational and Academic Education

It is good to know the difference between vocational education and academic education. B.A., B.Com., B.Sc., Engineering, etc. courses are academic courses and all these courses follow the classroom teaching pattern. In these courses, subject knowledge is given in the form of theories and case studies but practical knowledge is not emphasis on properly.

Students get practical knowledge only after joining an internship but sometimes the practical knowledge got by the internship confuses them because it does not coincide with their theoretical knowledge.

In contrast to it, in vocational courses, the training of any specific field is provided to students so that their practical skills might be developed. In such types of courses, the students get on-site experiences. That is very important for their growth.

Traditional courses may take a longer duration, on the other hand, vocational courses are shorter. If you want to quit career education in the middle for some reason, you can quit it, and rejoin there later whenever you want.

Importance of Vocational Skills


It is very important to know why to learn vocation education is so important along with traditional education.

  1. As you know saturation is very high in the real market and only with traditional education it is very difficult to get a job. So, vocation education is very important for students.
  2. Since India has 65% of its youth in the working-age group, if we utilize them in a good way, no one will stop India from growing. For the utilization of youth, the government of India introduced vocational training.
  3. By the India Skill report, only 47% of youths from academic institutes are employable remaining 53% do not fit for any job. Only vocation education helps them to get a job.
  4. If we combine vocational education with agriculture, the agriculture field will integrate with finance and marketing. As a result, the agriculture domain will start to grow rapidly.
  5. In near future, many decent jobs will be eliminated by robots so it is very important to learn vocational skills as soon as possible.

Top 7 Institutes for B. Voc In India

I have mentioned the top 7 institutes in India that are providing the best value Vocational courses to students.

  1. H.R. College of Commerce & Economics, Mumbai
  2. St. Xavier College Mumbai
  3. Apeejay College of Fine Arts, Jalandhar
  4. Central University of Rajasthan, Ajmer
  5. St. Joseph’s College, Bangalore
  6. Jesus and Mary College, New Delhi
  7. Madras Christian College, Chennai

Except for these colleges, some colleges are very good for B. Voc. There are some educational online resources that offer such courses to students freely. From the Covid-19 lockdown, many colleges start providing these diplomas as it is the need of the hour. You can join these courses. These courses will prove to be very helpful in getting a job.


Livelihood is important because, without bread and butter, living is not possible. Education, therefore, must enable an individual to stand on his own feet and he should be able to earn his living.

A very famous quote from Albert Einstein is that “Education is not about learning the fact, but the ability to train the mind to think.” All academics focus only on how their students do well in the exam, how to get high marks, and how to learn the facts. They do not focus on training their students to think. This is why today, there is a big difference between employers and employees.

Everyone should learn skills rather than going for a degree. If you learn skills you will grow yourself with your family, society, and eventually the country.

Hope this article will add some value to your life. Now, share it with your friends so that they also become aware of vocational skills.

Thank you!

Further, read-

Leave a Comment


No comments yet. Why don’t you start the discussion?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *